An American novelist, writer of crime fiction featuring the private detective Philip Marlowe, Raymond (Thornton) Chandler was born in Chicago of an American father and an Anglo-Irish mother. He moved to England when his parents divorced. He attended Dulwich College and studied languages in France and Germany before returning to England in 1907 and becoming a naturalized British subject. He took a civil service job in the Admiralty, which he left in 1912 to return to America, settling in California. After the US entered World War I he enlisted in the Canadian Army, then transferred to the Royal Flying Corps. After the armistice he returned to California and got a series of bookkeeping jobs, finally becoming a vice-president with the Dabney Oil syndicate. In this article, we will talk about Raymond Chandler's Biography including Net Worth, Age, Birthday, Height, Weight, Family, Children etc.
Raymond Chandler Biography
All along, however, he had been submitting stories, poems, sketches and essays to a number of periodicals, but when the Depression hit and the bottom fell out of the oil business, he lost his job and turned to writing full-time. He found a niche with stories of the "hard-boiled" school popularized by Dashiell Hammett, and had many of his early stories accepted by Black Mask, the same mystery magazine that had first published Hammett. His first four novels--"The Big Sleep" (1939, filmed 1946 [The Big Sleep (1946)] and 1978 [The Big Sleep (1978)]); "Farewell My Lovely" (1940, filmed 1944 [Murder, My Sweet (1944)] and 1975 [Farewell, My Lovely (1975)]); "The High Window" (1942, filmed 1947 [The Brasher Doubloon (1947)]); and "The Lady in the Lake (1943, filmed 1946 [Lady in the Lake (1946)])--which reworked plots from some of his short stories, were his most successful.
He spent some time in Hollywood as a screenwriter, contributing to Billy Wilder's Double Indemnity (1944), the film noir classic The Blue Dahlia (1946) and Alfred Hitchcock's Strangers on a Train (1951). He wrote realistically, in stark contrast to the English style of drawing-room puzzle mysteries where an amateur detective always knows more than the police and clues turn up at just the right moment. Chandler dismissed these plots as "having God sit in your lap."
To know his complete profile, check the following table.
|Birth Name/Full Name||:||Raymond Thornton Chandler|
|Other Name (s)||:||-|
|Date of Birth||:||July 23, 1888|
|Birthplace||:||Chicago, Illinois, USA|
|Profession (s)||:||Writer ,|
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Raymond Chandler Age in 2022 and Birthday Info
In this section, we will add Raymond Chandler's birthday-related information. Raymond Chandler was born in Chicago, Illinois, USA on July 23, 1888.He died on in La Jolla, California, USA (pneumonia). Check the below table for more information.
|Date of Birth||:||July 23, 1888|
|Birth Place||:||Chicago, Illinois, USA|
|Date of Death||:||1959-3-26|
|Death Place||:||La Jolla, California, USA (pneumonia)|
|Next Birthday||:||23 July, 2023|
Raymond Chandler Height and Weight
Now we are going to add Raymond Chandler's Height (In Meter, Centi Meter, and Feet-Inches) and Weight (In Kilogram and Pounds). As weight changes frequently, we may not have the current weight of Raymond Chandler.
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Raymond Chandler Family (Spouse, Children, Parents, Siblings, Relatives)
In this section, we will add Raymond Chandler's complete family information including his martial status, husbandorwife, children, parents, relatives, and siblings.
|Spouse (s)||:||Pearl Eugenia "Cissy" Hurlburt (6 February 1924 - 12 December 1954) (her death)|
|Parents (Father and Mother)||:||-|
Raymond Chandler Social Accounts (Facebbok, Instagram, Twitter, Website)
In this section, we will add Raymond Chandler's Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and personal website.
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Raymond Chandler Net Worth in 2022
Are you curious to know what was the net worth of Raymond Chandler at time when he died. The net worth of Raymond Chandler was $1,000 @Week. We do not guarantee the net worth of Raymond Chandler is the exact amount. This is based on several sources on the internet.
Raymond Chandler Facts and Trivia
Here is the list of top facts about Raymond Chandler.
- Was in his early 40s before selling his first magazine story.
- Legendary detective novelist and occasional screenwriter. Created Philip Marlowe.
- Died midway through writing his last Philip Marlowe novel, "Poodle Springs," in 1959. More than three decades later, it was completed by Chandler admirer Robert B. Parker (author of the "Spenser" novels), and became a best-seller.
- Encouraged Ian Fleming to continue writing his James Bond novels in the mid 1950s by writing a few words of recommendation to Fleming's American publishers.
- His final completed novel, "Playback" was originally written as a screenplay for Universal Studios. After paying him for it, Universal passed on shooting it, so Chandler converted it to a novel.
- Like P.G. Wodehouse and Michael Ondaatje, he is one of the literary greats who were students at Dulwich College
- He appears in a brief cameo in Double Indemnity (1944). Late in the film he can be seen seated in a chair outside Edward G. Robinson's mezzanine office as Fred MacMurray leaves.
- Former journalist and oil executive. First started writing for the pulp magazine "Black Mask" magazine at the age of 45. He wrote the first of the seven novels that made him famous in 1939.
- He gave up writing at the age of 22 after the suicide of his friend Richard Middleton. Chandler felt that, if someone as talented as Middleton couldn't make it, he didn't have a chance.
- Was of Irish descent and spent many summers in Waterford, Ireland.
- He was 50 years old when his first novel was published.
- He spent much of his childhood in London, England and became a British citizen in 1907. He did not regain his American citizenship until 1956.
- Attended Dulwich College in London, the same school attended by C.S. Forester and P.G. Wodehouse.
- His wife Cissy was over seventeen years older than he was and was, to his embarrassment, sometimes thought by strangers to be his mother. Chandler was devoted to her and tried to commit suicide after her death.
- Chandler derogatorily referred to Veronica Lake as "Moronica.".
- He was once asked how he felt about Hollywood 'ruining' his books at which point he led the person who asked him into his study, pointed to his works and said 'They're right there. They're fine'.
- Attended school in the East Fourth Ward of Plattsmouth, Nebraska when he mother left his father and moved in with her sister.
- Attended Dulwich College as a "day boy" graduating in 1900.
- During World War I was a member of the Fiftieth Regiment of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. His basic training was in Victoria, British Columbia. On November 26, 1917 his regiment left Halifax, Nova Scotia setting sail for Liverpool. From Seaford, Sussex he left for the front on March 16, 1918. In late Summer 1918 he joined the Royal Air Force.
- The house Chandler lived in on Shetland Ln. in Brentwood is shown in Hollywood Mouth 2 (2014). He wrote "The High Window" and "Lady in the Lake" while living here.
- The last of the Philip Marlowe novels, "Playback", is based on an unfilmed original screenplay by Chandler - one in which the character of Marlowe does not appear.
- He has been played twice by Patrick Stewart in British radio plays, both concerning his adventures in film writing.
- 'The Blue Dahlia' was the first screenplay that he wrote on his own.
- Unlike his wise-cracking character Philip Marlowe, Raymond Chandler was known for being a well read individual.
- In total, it took Raymond Chandler four years to complete the novel, "The Long Goodbye." This was attributed to his alcoholism causing delays in the completion of his manuscript.
- During prohibition, the writer played an active role in bootlegging. It was during this period that his drinking increased.
- His family had hopes that he would become a civil servant, based in England. Chandler expressed no enthusiasm at all.
- Passed away before completing his novel, "Poodle Springs.".
- Was reportedly unhappy with the depiction of his Philip Marlowe character, when adapted for radio.
- As a mark of respect and appreciation, Raymond Chandler personally typed a letter to fellow author Dashiell Hammett, praising his work.
- Aside from being an author of novels and short stories, Chandler was also a poet. However, his poems had little success.
- Owing to his early years spent in England, Raymond Chandler described himself as 60% British and 40% American.
- Became a full time writer during the early days of the Great Depression.
- Was a journalist for the Daily Express and the Westminster Gazette.
- Whilst working on the screenplay of "Strangers on a Train," Chandler frequently clashed with director Alfred Hitchcock due to artistic differences. Eventually, they refused to speak to each other and Hitchcock disposed of Chandler's contribution.
- Following the passing of his wife, Raymond Chandler's drinking worsened. He returned to England to recuperate for a short period.
- Was prone to writer's block.
- It has been suggested but not verified, that Raymond Chandler suffered from manic depression.
- The expression "Chandleresque" was coined, on account of Raymond Chandler reinventing the hard-boiled detective genre.
- Had a separate career as a critic of detective fiction.
- The one constant criticism of Chandler's writing, is that his narratives are slightly rambling and incoherent.
- Was admired for his prose, by the likes of Ian Fleming, W. H Auden and Evelyn Waugh.
- British songwriter Robyn Hitchcock paid tribute to Chandler with his song, "Raymond Chandler Evening" in 1986.
- Worked as a part time teacher at Dulwich college.
- In 1912, Chandler studied accountancy in Los Angeles.
- As a child, the future author had a strained relationship with his father. However, Chandler remained close to his mother.
- As a result of poor sales with "The Big Sleep" and "Farewell My Lovely" novels, Raymond Chandler found himself near the bread line.
- The British costume designer Jocelyn Rickards, who knew Chandler well in the 1950s, wrote in her memoirs, long after the writer's death, that she suspected his marriage had never been consummated and that he had died a virgin.
- The day when Raymond Chandler was born was Monday.
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